The Curriculum of the Steiner School - Class 6

Notes and Lesson Plans

Middle Ages
updated September 30, 2023

Recorded here is my own personal collection of articles, resources, favorite links, teaching ideas, and lesson plans. It encompasses many years, from the very beginning of my experience studying and learning about Waldorf to the present time. People from all around the world visit my site and recommend it to others. Welcome!

This site records my journey. I hope my honesty is encouraging and helps break down some barriers that may prevent people from trying Waldorf methods. Because this is an ongoing site documenting my curriculum planning and ideas, some materials are more Waldorf-y than others. Please feel free to take what you like and leave the rest.

Medieval History / Middle Ages
for Class 6

Mission Statement - Consulting Services - Lending Library

amazing chalkboard drawing

This was a brand new block for me in March 2016 (I had never taught it nor any version of it). I was unable to finish the block at that time due to a family emergency. So now we are returning to it. I have some notes from before -- and I so love having this website because I can quickly and easily organize and then later find all of my notes and links --- but still need to plan out the remainder.

These are my notes as I go along. If you have suggestions, please contact me!

Main Text

We are using the highly-recommended The World of Walls: The Middle Ages in Western Europe by Polly Schoyer Brooks and Nancy Zinsser Walworth. Leah had already read The Arabs In The Golden Age and Genghis Khan and the Mongol Horde before we began this block.

    Part I - The Barbarian Invasion

    Part II - The Early Middle Ages

    • Gregory the Great
    • The Rise of the Franks
    • Charlemagne
    • The End of the Dark Ages
    • William the Conqueror

    Part III - The Peak of the Middle Ages

    • Eleanor of Aquitaine
    • Richard the Lion Heart
    • Francis of Assisi
    • Beginnings of English Liberties
    • Simon de Montfort

    Part IV - The Last of the Middle Ages

    • Geoffrey Chaucer

I based my introductory chalkboard drawing on this one: "The 3-Fold Society of the Middle Ages"

Main Lesson Book Pages / Chalkboard Drawings

Middle Ages MLB pages from Schooling from the Heart

Pinterest - Renee Schwartz
My curated collection of visuals! Browse sample main lesson book pages, watercolor paintings, chalkboard drawings, etc. for Middle Ages.

Art Projects

Learning About the World Through Modeling: Sculptural Ideas for School and Home
by Arthur Auer (grades 1-8)

    Medieval Castle, p.98

Creative Pathways: Activities that Strengthen the Child's Cognitive Forces
by Elizabeth Auer (grades 1-8)
AVAILABLE FREE as a download from the Online Waldorf Library

List of Stories

Story #1 "The Fall of Rome / The Barbarian Invasion"

    MLB page inspired by Roman Technology illustration (roads, aqueduct)

    there are also good illustrations in our 1958 World Book encyclopedia entry for Rome (volume 14, page 7000)

Story #2 "Gregory the Great" - born 540

Story #3 "The Rise of the Franks" aka the Feudal System

Story #4 "Charlemagne" - born 742

Story #5 "The End of the Dark Ages"

Story #6 "William the Conqueror" - born 1027

Story #7 "Eleanor of Aquitaine" - born 1122

Story #8 "Richard the Lion Heart" - born 1157

Story #9 "Francis of Assisi" - born 1182

Story #10 "The Magna Carta" - signed 1215

    Note: I start my Renaissance & Reformation block with Ibn Battuta, Marco Polo, the Hundred Years War, and the Plague, so we read the chapter about Geoffrey Chaucer
    (born 1343) to finish off our block but did not add it to our main lesson books.

    Check your public library for an audio CD of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales read in the original Middle English. It's almost impossible for students to understand that English used to be different unless they hear it for themselves! It was fun for us to listen to this while having our culminating Medieval Feast before leaving for Winter Break.

Some Possible Supplemental Resources

Look for a stained glass workshop near you, or find an opportunity to learn or practice woodworking, leather working, or metalworking.

*NEW* History Odyssey: Middle Ages (PDF)
"An Activity-Based Study Guide Combining History, Geography, Literature"

Three Knight Tales by Jakob Streit - offered free online at the Online Waldorf Library

Magic in the Middle Ages free online class offered by the University of Barcelona (in English). For parent background or just for fun!

free 12 lesson Latin tutorial from
"These lessons cover the type of Latin used in official documents written in England between 1086 and 1733. This can be quite different from classical Latin, as used by the Ancient Romans."

Live Ed sample lesson "The Medieval Industrial Revolution" from The Middle Ages
1000 AD to 1300 AD

The Arabs In The Golden Age
by Mokhtar Moktefi
700's - 1200's

SHEG (Stanford History Education Group) Reading Like a Historian lesson: First Crusade

Genghis Khan and the Mongol Horde
by Harold Lamb
born 1162 - died 1227

Becca's homeschool group played the board game Risk after studying Genghis Khan

Catapult Challenge STEM task card
Teachers Pay Teachers free resource
Great for a homeschool co-cop group activity!

15 Easy Catapults to Make With Kids
blog post - Kids Activities

Heraldry Game ???
"Free on-line heraldry game - learn about Shields, Knights and Heraldry.
Role-play as a young aristocrat, recognizing friends and enemies."
This looks interesting so I am including it, but it might only be useful to a very few people.

Dye Paper to Look Like Parchment

A Medieval Feast
by Aliki

Note: a good song to go with Aliki's book is found on the This is the Way We Wash-a-Day CD by Mary Thienes-Schunemann, "Kitchen Cries," track 35

Life in a Medieval Castle and Village Coloring Book (Dover History Coloring Book)
Helpful resource for illustrations.

by David Macaulay
England, 1200's

Cathedral: The Story of Its Construction
by David Macaulay
France, construction begins in 1252

Good Masters! Sweet Ladies!: Voices from a Medieval Village
by Laura Amy Schlitz
England, 1255
Download these poems as a PDF, courtesy of Franklin KY schools

Catherine, Called Birdy
by Karen Cushman
England, 1290

Adam of the Road
by Elizabeth Janet Gray
England, 1294 - 1295

The Midwife's Apprentice
by Karen Cushman
England, late 1200's - early 1300's

The Door in the Wall
by Marguerite de Angeli
England, 1348

The Book of Boy

by Catherine Gilbert Murdock

Crispin: The Cross of Lead
by Avi
England, 1377

Marguerite Makes a Book
by Bruce Robertson
France, 1400's

The Complete Calligrapher: A Comprehensive Guide from Basic Techniques to Inspirational Alphabets
by Emma Callery

Humorous and informative? Or ridiculous? I've never read any of this series by Fiona MacDonald but I'm curious... either for teacher background information or just to check out from the library and leave lying around the living room invitingly and let the kids read them for fun in the evenings. If anyone has read these books, I'd love a book review from the Waldorf point of view:

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